General information about Kilimanjaro Mountain

Mount Kilimanjaro is the top of Africa. The mountain is located in Kilimanjaro Region in Tanzania. Raised as the result of volcano action, the mountain has the height of about 5,895 meters. Its crown is capped by snow and frequently fringed by clouds. Mt Kilimanjaro is one of Africa’s classic structures which attract number of tourists across nations globally.

At the height of 19,344 feet, Mt. Kilimanjaro it is the highest mountains in Africa and the highest summit in the world that can be reached by walking and overhand climbing. This gives travellers the mind-blowing experience. Deciding to trek Mount Kilimanjaro, you will make your travel to Tanzania a pleasing experience ever expect to see it again in life.

GVTS guides and porters will lead amazing high-quality service as you will be climbing Mount Kilimanjaro. Apart from just climbing the mountain, with us expect to go on a wildlife safari and enjoy a beach vacation on the paradise island Zanzibar. GVTS operations office is located at Arusha and Kilimanjaro, so we will be always in full command for your hiking and safari adventures.

Mountain Kilimanjaro is a free standing mountain in the world. The mount is a dormant volcano mountain but not an extinct one. Ominous grumbles can sometimes be heard – and volcanic gases emerge from fume holes at the crater. Although just three degrees south of the Equator, the temperature being higher because of the geographical location,  the peaks of the mountain have caps of snow and ice coverage all the year round. As Kilimanjaro Mountain possesses different environmental zone, climbers will normally pass from a tropical to an attic environment in just a few days. Being among climbers, you will pass through lush rain-forest before reaching heather and open moorland where giant lobelia and huge, cactus – like plants grow. The two peaks of the mountain, KIBO and Mawenzi are separated by lunar landscape, the saddle that stretches between the two ends. The highest point on Kibo, and indeed the whole of Africa, is Uhuru Peak, with spectacular glaciers and stupendous views of the plains, five kilometers below. One of the main reasons people travel to Tanzania just to experience these unique features. The pinnacle – shaped peak of Mawenzi are for mountaineers only.

With the help of porters and a guide, it is possible to walk all the way to the summit of Kibo without holding specialized mountaineering equipment – or experience – and Kilimanjaro can be captured by any reasonably fit person. The whole climb normally takes five or six days depending on the route chosen and involves four or five overnights stays in mountain huts or tents.

Marangu Route – 6 Days / 5 Nights

Snapshot of the Route

    1. Arrival                                                                    –                       Day 1
    2. Marangu Gate  / Mandara Hut                          –                       Day 2
    3. Mandara Hut/ Horombo hut                             –                        Day 3
    4. Horombo Hut / Kibo         Hut                           –                        Day 4
    5. Uhuru /Kibo peak /           Horombo Hut         –                        Day 5
    6. Marangu / Moshi or Arusha                               –                        Day 6

Marangu route, the most today popular route for Kilimanjaro trekking is also known as Coca Cola Route. This is the only route which offers permanent huts as accommodations for climbers and only route where overnight stays are in that structures – the huts. Huts are existed in a dormitory format. Presence of hurts makes Marangu route a good option for hiking during the rainy season.  The term coca cola describes Marangu route as the easiest route for trekkers to climb due to its moderate slope but a bit complicated if taking a fewer days for trekking tour. The route is started at the south-east of Mt Kilimanjaro at the entrance to the route – Marangu Gate. The well-tread trail is used up through all the climate zones, from tropical rainforest to eternal snow. Being the most popular and the least expensive path, the route becomes crowded in the months of July to September as well as in the months of December to March. Trekking at Marangu route can be done in five days but GVTS is recommending you to consider addition of one day for acclimatization reason and make the total number of tour days being six. The added time – one day is purposely placed for you to experience best trekking at Kilimanjaro Mountain.

Trekking Interventions in Days

Upon your Arrival at Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO), you will meet GVTS Travel representative who will take you to the hotel in Moshi town – Kilimanjaro Region. The hotel will provide you all the essentials for a comfortable accommodation (rooms with hot water, well-mannered staff, a swimming pool as well as Internet access among others). In the evening before supper, you will receive your tour briefing from our managers who will also make sure you are ready to begin your climb on the other day. Expect to start your check-in around 2:00 PM depending on your flight time.

A guide and mountain support crews / porters will arrive at your hotel in the morning of day 2 in order to meet you and hold a quick briefing about your trekking safari before starting trekking. After the briefing, you will be picked by GVTS’s vehicle and travel to Kilimanjaro National Park’s eastern entrance, Marangu Gate situated at the height of (1,860 m) above mean seal level. After the quick formality of acquiring climbing permits and registering processes with the search and rescue service, you will start the trekking up to Mandara Hut (2,700 m) by passing through rainforests with highly probable tropical showers. You should not be hurry but always keep and or maintain comfortable pace. When reaching the camp, GVTS’s mountain crew will prepare everything necessary for you – put tents and cook dinner for you.  GVTS recommends you to take not only spare clothes but also your raincoats because of the climatic condition over there. As the entire Marangu route offers accommodation in tents and you will be benefiting spending your nights in special huts. GVTS will offer a great alternative to those who do not want to sleep in tents. Your Information should be given out earlier so that arrangement for private tents to be made earlier also with addition costs.

For those who will be the first time being at such altitude, GVTS is intensely recommended you to adhere to the following instructions:

  • Refrain from consuming alcohol and caffeine at all.
  • Compel to drink over 4 liters of bottled water daily little by little frequently
  • Take a Diamox pill such as Acetazolamide in the morning before start ascending in order to help you alleviate symptoms of altitude sickness.


Pay attention to your own body and tell your guide if you start feeling any symptoms of altitude sickness or any kind of discomfort.


THE CHANGE OF ELEVATION          1,860 m to 2,700 m

HIKING TIME:                                         5 -6 hours

DISTANCE:                                                11 km

DIFFICULTY:                                             Medium

HABITAT:                                                    Rainforest

Early in the morning after breakfast, you will depart from Mandara Hut and start a moderate trekking through the alpine meadow, grassland and moor as you will be moving towards the second high altitude camp: Horombo Hut which is located at the altitude of 3,720 m above mean sea level. When you reach the camp on this day, you will be treated to views of two volcanic peaks at once: Kibo and Mawenzi adjacent each other.

Few hours after lunch you will have to complete an acclimatization hike in the direction of Kibo Hut with a 200-meter gain in altitude, and then hike back down to Horombo Hut where dinner will be prepared for you.

Acclimatization hike will involve change of Elevation from 3,720 m at Horombo Hut to 3,920 m at Kibo — The destination point of the day route. The Acclimatization Hike will also include 2.5 Km hiking distance and 1 to 2 hours hiking time.


      • THE CHANGE OF ELEVATION                      2,700 m to 3,720 m
      • HIKING TIME:                                                     5 -6 hours
      • DISTANCE:                                                           10 km
      • DIFFICULTY:                                                       Medium
      • HABITAT:                                                              Moorland

On this day, just after breakfast, you will start ascending further to Kibo hut at the height 4,700 m. Expect to experience the landscape which will be very stony and eroded as well as spectacular mountain vegetation like giant cactus, groundswell and lobelia along the way. The actual trekking is not very difficult but remembers to stick with an appropriate pace to keep up your strength for the trekking to Kilimanjaro’s summit. When you reach the camp you will be served lunch, after which GVTS is recommending you to sleep as much as you can and avoiding any strenuous activity while and drink lots of water.  You will be served with dinner and overnight stay at Kibo hut.


      • THE CHANGE OF ELEVATION                      3,720 m to 4,700 m
      • HIKING TIME:                                                     4 -8 hours
      • DISTANCE:                                                           10 km
      • DIFFICULTY:                                                        High
      • HABITAT:                                                             Alpine desert

The fifth day trekking will require you to wake up at midnight, take some snacks and coffee and then prepare yourself to start summiting Uhuru peak through Gilman’s point. This will be the night departure from Kibo Hut (4,700 m) and the start of your trekking to Kilimanjaro’s summit: Uhuru peak (5,895 m). This trekking will take you about 5-6 hours and 1-2 hours from Kibo hut to Gilman’s point and from Gilman’s point to Uhuru peak respectively.

The trekking will be generally moderate from a physical standpoint but the altitude will presents to you a much more serious problem. For the entire trekking distance each pair of climbers will be accompanied by their own guide from GVTS who will be responsible for monitoring your stamina and mental resolve. Once your successful ascent to Uhuru Peak, you will be objected to descend to the nearest glacier if desired. Then you will return to Kibo Camp and after a two-hour rest and pictures taking you will continue with descent to Horombo Hut (3,720 m) for dinner and overnight

As you will be descending, don’t forget that 90% of all accidents occur during the descent, including all broken arms and legs. Please pay attention to your feet, as there is a high risk of damaging your toenails.


      • THE CHANGE OF ELEVATION        4,700 m to 5,895 m and 5,895 m to 3,720 m
      • HIKING TIME:                                      9 -12 hours
      • DISTANCE:                                           16 km
      • DIFFICULTY:                                        High
      • HABITAT:                                            Arctic

In day six, you will be offered warm breakfast in the morning and thereafter you will head for the Kilimanjaro National Park’s exit: Marangu Gate (1,860 m). After your descent the whole group will gather to congratulate you, and then you will have the chance to share your opinions on the wonderful trip in the guestbook. Lastly, we will present you with your commemorative certificates and provide you a transfer back to the hotel. GVTS car will take you back to Moshi town where you will Rest in the hotel and or transferred to the airport for departure.


      • THE CHANGE OF ELEVATION                      3,720 m to 1,860 m
      • HIKING TIME:                                      5 -6 hours
      • DISTANCE:                                           18 km
      • DIFFICULTY:                                         Medium
      • HABITAT:                                              Rainforest
  1. All Park fees, Rescue fees, Camping fees and Picnic lunches.
  2. All transfers as Indicated in the itinerary for this package,
  3. Hotel overnight after trek in Arusha.
  4. Accommodations based on double occupancy – Sleeping in the dome tents.
  5. Meals as per the above itinerary – 3 Meals a day for both Vegetarians and Non vegetarians.
  6. Services of GVTS staff throughout. The cook will be responsible for your 3 delicious meals a day.
  7. Services of a Senior GVTS Trekking Guides and assistance guide.
  8. All baggage handling – Recommended weight for clients’ backpack to be carried up the mountain is 15kgs. Kindly allow 5 kg for personal daypacks including Cameras.
  9. We will provide you 1 licensed guide and 1 assistant guides who have received training from Mt. Kilimanjaro National Park Instructors for this trekking.
  10. Transfers to the gate before and After Trek to Arusha.
  11. Services of Nature Safaris Camping equipment. These are Tents, Sleeping mattress, camping table and chairs etc.
  1. Soft drinks, beer, wine and spirits (as well as gifts like local crafts etc)
  2. Any local and international flights tickets (airline).
  3. Tips for staff such as guides, porters and the cook staff
  4. Fees for passport, visas, immunizations and insurance
  5. Meals and expenses en route to Tanzania
  6. Laundry, phone and other items of a personal nature
  7. We advices our clients to bring their own first Aid Kit.

For Budget Camping Safari:      food supplied (Menu)

Breakfast package will include: 

Fruit, Fruit juice, eggs, bread/French toast/plain toast/pancakes.margarine/jam/honey/peanut-butter,cereals/porridge,Milo Pancakes, Oats, Omelette’s, tea/coffee

Picnic lunches:  

Sliced carrot & cucumber strips, seasonal fruits, boiled eggs, vegetable/meat cutlets, sandwiches (egg/cheese/tuna/tomato)


Soup (Mushroom/cucumber soup, Pumpkin soup/chicken/vegetable) bread, a meat dish, rice/pasta/potatoes, Fish curry/Noodles, vegetable dishes(Vegetable Kish etc, fruit, some local dishes which we are sure they will be more interested to you.


Bush made cake accompanied with local Brewed Tanzanian coffee, Tea, Cup of hot Chocolate, Milo’s etc.



Below is the list of the gears that you should bring with you for trekking.


Mt. Boots, Socks – at least 4/5 pairs (This must be thin and thick ones) 1 pair of gaiters, Sandal/open shoes,(optional)


1 thermal (warm) trousers, 1 thermal (warm) long underwear, 1 wind/water proof trousers.


2 or 1 long sleeved thermal shirts, 1 thermal T-shits, 1 thermal jacket or sweater, 1 down jacket, preferable wool attached one.


1 pc of roll foam or air mattress and 1 warm sleeping bag.


1 head lump and spare batteries, 1 pair or 1 pc of walking sticks, 1 pair of sunglasses or ice goggles, Sun block cream or Lotion, Lipstick cream, First Aid Kit, Camera + films with its spare batteries, passport book, a day pack, a rucksack or safari bag.


Drinking water bottle (NALGEN) or any other brand like SIGG or optional, camel pack.

Note: These Items can be also hired here in Arusha or Kilimanjaro before your Trek,