General information about Kilimanjaro Mountain

Mount Kilimanjaro is the top of Africa. The mountain is located in Kilimanjaro Region in Tanzania. Raised as the result of volcano action, the mountain has the height of about 5,895 meters. Its crown is capped by snow and frequently fringed by clouds. Mt Kilimanjaro is one of Africa’s classic structures which attract number of tourists across nations globally.

At the height of 19,344 feet, Mt. Kilimanjaro it is the highest mountains in Africa and the highest summit in the world that can be reached by walking and overhand climbing. This gives travellers the mind-blowing experience. Deciding to trek Mount Kilimanjaro, you will make your travel to Tanzania a pleasing experience ever expect to see it again in life.

GVTS guides and porters will lead amazing high-quality service as you will be climbing Mount Kilimanjaro. Apart from just climbing the mountain, with us expect to go on a wildlife safari and enjoy a beach vacation on the paradise island Zanzibar. GVTS operations office is located at Arusha and Kilimanjaro, so we will be always in full command for your hiking and safari adventures.

Mountain Kilimanjaro is a free standing mountain in the world. The mount is a dormant volcano mountain but not an extinct one. Ominous grumbles can sometimes be heard – and volcanic gases emerge from fume holes at the crater. Although just three degrees south of the Equator, the temperature being higher because of the geographical location,  the peaks of the mountain have caps of snow and ice coverage all the year round. As Kilimanjaro Mountain possesses different environmental zone, climbers will normally pass from a tropical to an attic environment in just a few days. Being among climbers, you will pass through lush rain-forest before reaching heather and open moorland where giant lobelia and huge, cactus – like plants grow. The two peaks of the mountain, KIBO and Mawenzi are separated by lunar landscape, the saddle that stretches between the two ends. The highest point on Kibo, and indeed the whole of Africa, is Uhuru Peak, with spectacular glaciers and stupendous views of the plains, five kilometers below. One of the main reasons people travel to Tanzania just to experience these unique features. The pinnacle – shaped peak of Mawenzi are for mountaineers only.

With the help of porters and a guide, it is possible to walk all the way to the summit of Kibo without holding specialized mountaineering equipment – or experience – and Kilimanjaro can be captured by any reasonably fit person. The whole climb normally takes five or six days depending on the route chosen and involves four or five overnights stays in mountain huts or tents.

Kilimanjaro Trek Via Lemosho Route – 8 Days/7 Nights

Snapshot of the Route

    1. Londorossi Gate to Forest Camp                            –    Day 1
    2. Forest Camp to Shira Camp 1                                  –    Day 2
    3. Shira Camp 1 to Shira 2 to Moir Hut                      –    Day 3
    4. Moir Hut to Lava Tower to Barranco Camp          –   Day 4
    5. Barranco Camp to Karanga Camp                           –   Day 5
    6. Karanga Camp to Barafu Camp                                –   Day 6
    7. Barafu Camp to Summit to Mweka Hut                  –   Day 7
    8. Mweka Camp to Moshi                                               –    Day 8

Lemosho route is the longest route one can use to climb Kilimanjaro Mountain but is also considered to be one of the beautiful routes (The Coca Cola Route) with the best scenic and it is a fantastic route you should opt to choose for the trek. This route is not much steep and also not crowded; GVTS recommended this route to be the best route for you to trak. Lemosho is low crowded route and 8days are recommended to hike up to the Uhuru peak.

Trekking Interventions in Days

Just after your arrival at Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO) you will meet GVTS guide who will transfer you to the hotel in Moshi. The hotel will provide to you all the essentials for a comfortable stay (rooms with hot water, well-mannered staff, a swimming pool as well as Internet access among others). In the evening you will receive your tour briefing from our managers, who will also make sure you are ready to begin the climb on the other day.

 In day 2, just after your breakfast and a short briefing from a guide and a mountain support crew, you journey will start from Moshi and proceed to Londorossi Gate, western entrance, about 2,200 m in 3–4 hours roughly through Kilimanjaro National Park. it will takes you about an hour to complete your entry formalities. Driving to the Lemosho trailhead will take you another an hour. Upon arrival at trailhead, you will take your lunch and then commence through undisturbed forest with winds to the first camp site. The day 1 trekking will end at the first campsite.

As this will be your first day at such altitude, GVTS is intensely recommended you adhere to the following instructions:

      • Refrain from consuming alcohol and caffeine at all.
      • Compel to drink over 4 liters of bottled water daily little by little frequently
      • Take a Diamox pill such as Acetazolamide in the morning before start ascending in order to help you alleviate symptoms of altitude sickness.

NOTE:     Pay attention to your own body and tell your guide if you start feeling any symptoms of altitude sickness.


      • THE CHANGE OF ELEVATION            3,500 m to 3,900 m
      • HIKING TIME:                                          5-6 hours
      • DISTANCE:                                                11 km
      • DIFFICULTY:                                             Low
      • HABITAT     :                                              Meadows

In day 3, just after the breakfast, you will continue with the trail and moving out of the Shira 2 Camp to Lava Tower (4,630 m) which is savannah land with tall grasses, heather, and volcanic rock draped with lichen beards. This section of the route has a various ascents and descents that end in a camp at over 4,600 meters. It might be difficult, and you may feel some discomfort, but in order to successfully acclimate to the altitude you have to spend at least 1–2 hours here, so this is where lunch will be.

After your lunch you will descend to Barranco Camp (3,960 m). Here you can see the famous Barranco Wall, impressive in both its massive size and steepness. You will start feeling the coming day duty. Worry not because you will be climbing it by next day. Its features are very simple to trail. Because of the altitude, you may feel sick; as such you may refrain from passing the Lava Tower and adjust the route, following instead the road for porters. In this scenario you will not reach an altitude of 4,630 meters, getting up only to a maximum of 4,400 meters is suggested for you.



    • THE CHANGE OF ELEVATION               3900 m to 4,630 m and 4,630 m to 3,960 m
    • HIKING TIME:                                             6-8 hours
    • DISTANCE:                                                    12 km
    • DIFFICULTY                                                  Medium
    • HABITAT                                                         Moorland

In day 4, you will start with a breakfast and then leave to Barranco and continue on a steep ridge passing the Barranco Wall, to the Karanga Valley campsite. This is a short day meant for acclimatization and GVTS recommends to you to leave the camp as early as it can be possible in order to avoid crowds of the other groups in a move. Hiking up the gorge wall is not difficult and it takes around an hour only. After the climb you can have a rest and take photos in front of the Kibo volcano peak.

After a short resting, you will then start a more difficult hiking to Karanga Camp. This route has got various features as you will be ascents and descents during the route. Worry not; GVTS guides will be available to help you choosing optimal paces that fit for you. After reaching the camp you will be served with warm lunch and after a couple of hours you will have to complete an acclimatization hiking in the direction of Barafu Camp which has a 300-meter gain in altitude. After that point, you will then descent back down to the camp.

The time for the acclimatization hike will be given to you by GVTS guide in order to slight gain fittings in altitude. This thing is normally done in order to allow you speeding up the hiking process. You should take the acclimatization hikes very seriously. They help increase your chances of successfully summiting Kilimanjaro peaks and save you from the consequences of altitude sickness.


      • THE CHANGE OF ELEVATION                  3,960 m to 4,035 m
      • HIKING TIME:                                                4-5 hours
      • DISTANCE:                                                       5 km
      • DIFFICULTY:                                                   Medium
      • HABITAT:                                                         Moorland

After a breakfast, you will leave Karanga and hit the junction connects Mweka Trail and then you will continue up to the Barafu Summit Camp (4,640 m), the starting point for a night summiting Uhuru Peak (5,895 m). GVTS team will set up a camp for you including tents and sleeping bags, so you can relax. At this point, you will be having completed the South Circuit. This point offers views of the summit from many different angles.

GVTS team will set up camps for you including tents and sleeping bags so that you can relax. After regaining strength, you will have to complete an acclimatization hike towards Kosovo Summit Camp (4,800 m) and then back to Barafu Camp again. At this point, you will make use of already prepared camp for resting, enjoying your dinner as well as sleeping   in order to preparing yourself before the overnight summit. Expect to see the two peaks of Mawenzi and Kibo while being at this position

Acclimatization hike from Barafu Camp to Kosovo Camp involves changes of elevation from
4,640m to 4,800m respectively. The hiking distance will be 2 km which will take you an hour to two hours.


      • THE CHANGE OF ELEVATION:                   4,035 m to 4,640 m
      • HIKING TIME:                                                  4-5 hours
      • DISTANCE:                                                         6 km
      • DIFFICULTY:                                                     Medium
      • HABITAT:                                                           Alpine desert

Very early morning of day 6 around midnight to 2am, you will start departing from Barafu Camp (4,640 m) and lead your way to the summit between the Rebmann and Ratzel glaciers at Kilimanjaro, Uhuru Peak (5,895). You will be heading in a northwesterly direction while ascending through heavy scree towards Stella Point on the crater rim. The climb is relative simple however the most mentally and physically challenging portion of the trekking is the high altitude. You will be directed to form pairs and each pair will be instructed to give personal guide for the entire ascent to order to monitor one-on-on physical and mental conditions. After your successful ascent to Uhuru Peak, you will be allowed to descend to the nearest glacier if desired. Then you will return to Barafu Camp and after a 2-hour rest you will continue your descent to Millennium Camp (3,820 m). When descending, kindly take a note that; “90% of all accidents occur during the descent, including all broken arms as well as legs. Please pay attention to your body as there is a high risk of heavy falling down.

When reaching Stella Point (18,600 ft), you will stop for a short rest and will be rewarded with the most magnificent sunrise you ever see in life if the weather will permit. From Stella point, you will encounter snow all the way on your 1-hour ascent to the summit. At Uhuru Peak, you will have have reached the highest point on Mount Kilimanjaro and the continent of Africa. Faster hikers will see the sunrise from the summit. This will be a wonderful moment in your life

From the summit, you will make your descent continuing straight forward down to the Mweka Hut camp site. You will stop at Barafu for lunch and thereafter you will be given gaiters and trekking poles to support you on loose gravel while going down. Mweka Camp is located at the upper forest and mist or rain which usually being expected in the late afternoon. Later in the evening you will enjoy you last dinner on the mountain and a good sleep.

Kindly watch this, The Acclimatization hike from Barafu Camp to Uhuru Peak and then descending to millennium camp will involve Change in Elevation from 4,640 m to 5,895 and then 3,820 m. The Hiking distance will be 15 km which will take you through 8 to 12 hours


      • THE CHANGE OF ELEVATION:         4,640 m to 5,895 m
        5,895 m to 3,820 m
      • HIKING TIME:                                        8-12 hours
      • DISTANCE:                                              15 km
      • DIFFICULTY:                                          High
      • HABITAT:                                                Arctic

The Millennium camp is located in a tropical rainforest. When you will wake up just after the tiredness experienced from six days of your trekking, you will feel relief from the reduction of the height and the satisfaction of reaching the summit. After a strong breakfast, you will continue with descent motion down to the Mweka Park Gate (1,640 m). After your descent, you will all gather together for congratulated followed by offering you a chance to share your opinions on the climb in our guestbook and then offered the certificates. After the certification you will proceed to a lowest elevation with wet and muddy conditions. Gaiters and trekking poles will help you moving safely.  Shorts and t-shirts will probably be plenty to wear while kept rain gear and warmer clothing handy.


      • THE CHANGE OF ELEVATION          3,820 m to 1,640 m
      • HIKING TIME:                                        4-5 hours
      • DISTANCE:                                              12 km
      • DIFFICULTY:                                          Low
      • HABITAT:                                                Rainforest

From the gate, you will take almost an to Mweka Village. A GVTS vehicle will meet you at Mweka village and drive you back to hotel in Kilimanjaro or Arusha depending on your itinerary.

      1. All Park fees, Rescue fees, Camping fees and Picnic lunches.
      2. All transfers as Indicated in the itinerary for this package,
      3. Hotel overnight after trek in Arusha.
      4. Accommodations based on double occupancy – Sleeping in the dome tents.
      5. Meals as per the above itinerary – 3 Meals a day for both Vegetarians and Non vegetarians.
      6. Services of GVTS staff throughout. The cook will be responsible for your 3 delicious meals a day.
      7. Services of a Senior GVTS Trekking Guides and assistance guide.
      8. All baggage handling – Recommended weight for clients’ backpack to be carried up the mountain is 15kgs. Kindly allow 5 kg for personal daypacks including Cameras.
      9. We will provide you 1 licensed guide and 1 assistant guides who have received training from Mt. Kilimanjaro National Park Instructors for this trekking.
      10. Transfers to the gate before and After Trek to Arusha.
      11. Services of Nature Safaris Camping equipment. These are Tents, Sleeping mattress, camping table and chairs etc.
      1. Soft drinks, beer, wine and spirits (as well as gifts like local crafts etc)
      2. Any local and international flights tickets (airline).
      3. Tips for staff such as guides, porters and the cook staff
      4. Fees for passport, visas, immunizations and insurance
      5. Meals and expenses en route to Tanzania
      6. Laundry, phone and other items of a personal nature
      7. We advices our clients to bring their own first Aid Kit.

For Budget Camping Safari:      food supplied (Menu)

Breakfast package will include: 

Fruit, Fruit juice, eggs, bread/French toast/plain toast/pancakes.margarine/jam/honey/peanut-butter,cereals/porridge,Milo Pancakes, Oats, Omelette’s, tea/coffee

Picnic lunches:  

Sliced carrot & cucumber strips, seasonal fruits, boiled eggs, vegetable/meat cutlets, sandwiches (egg/cheese/tuna/tomato)


Soup (Mushroom/cucumber soup, Pumpkin soup/chicken/vegetable) bread, a meat dish, rice/pasta/potatoes, Fish curry/Noodles, vegetable dishes(Vegetable Kish etc, fruit, some local dishes which we are sure they will be more interested to you.

Desserts:    Bush made cake accompanied with local Brewed Tanzanian coffee, Tea, Cup of hot Chocolate, Milo’s etc.



Below is the list of the gears that you should bring with you for trekking.


Mt. Boots, Socks – at least 4/5 pairs (This must be thin and thick ones) 1 pair of gaiters, Sandal/open shoes,(optional)


1 thermal (warm) trousers, 1 thermal (warm) long underwear, 1 wind/water proof trousers.


2 or 1 long sleeved thermal shirts, 1 thermal T-shits, 1 thermal jacket or sweater, 1 down jacket, preferable wool attached one.


1 pc of roll foam or air mattress and 1 warm sleeping bag.


1 head lump and spare batteries, 1 pair or 1 pc of walking sticks, 1 pair of sunglasses or ice goggles, Sun block cream or Lotion, Lipstick cream, First Aid Kit, Camera + films with its spare batteries, passport book, a day pack, a rucksack or safari bag.


Drinking water bottle (NALGEN) or any other brand like SIGG or optional, camel pack.

Note: These Items can be also hired here in Arusha or Kilimanjaro before your Trek,